Standard 4 - protection

The guarantee of the best interest of the child through an holistic and durable perspective considering his/her present and future situation, even after the completion of the 18th year of life, are necessary for any prevention and protection strategy and/or measure.

Indicators:   
•     Length of guardianship  
•    Proximity of the guardian
•    Existing training on guardianship issues
•    Level of capacities of the guardian  
•    Guardians’ level of competences on trafficking and exploitation
•    Current status of children previously under guardianship once they reach majority age
•    Possible continuation of contacts with guardian  

➢    See also Closing a Protection Gap Core Standards 1,6,10

Justifications of preventive and protective actions against trafficking and exploitation
The 5.5 common principle established by the EU Parliamentary Assembly states: “Every unaccompanied child should be provided immediately with a legal guardian mandated to safeguard the child’s best interest. The legal guardian should be independent and should have the necessary expertise in the field of childcare. Every guardian should undergo regular training and be subject to regular and independent review/monitoring” . In particular, all the actors involved in actions against trafficking and exploitation need to receive specific and continuous training for the prompt recognition of signs and symptoms of trafficking and exploitation of separated children .
As the completion of the children’s life project represents the crucial end-point of any action in favour of their protection, it should be assured that the majority age does not impose the termination of the process.

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